The president of France, Emmanuel Macron, has chosen as the new prime minister the head of Labor Élisabeth Borne, who comes from the socialist orbit and is the second woman to occupy the second most important position in France. Borne – who also headed the Ministries of Ecology and Transport during Macron’s first term (2017-2022) – replaces the conservative Jean Castex, who, as expected, on Monday formalized his resignation as Prime Minister of France after almost two years in office.
Macron, who renewed his position last April defeating the far-right Marine Le Pen with a narrower margin than in 2017, chose Borne, 61, to provide the head of government with a more social and environmentalist profile. Borne will be the second prime minister in the history of France, after the fleeting passage of Edith Cresson, who was in Matignon only eleven months (from May 1991 to April 1992), during the second term of the socialist François Mitterrand. The transfer of powers between Castex and Borne will take place almost immediately.
Macron thanked Castex in a message for his work over the last 22 months: “He has acted with passion and commitment at the service of France. Let us be proud of the work accomplished and the results achieved together“. The French president decided on Borne to the detriment of other possible candidates such as Catherine Vautrin, former Secretary of State in the mandate of Nicolas Sarkozy and that he lost steam due to his positions seen as too conservative.
A few days after winning the elections, Macron had publicly said that his new prime minister must be committed to “the social, environmental and productive issues“Thus, Borne, with a more technical than political profile, rose whole in the pools both for his recent experience in the Government –as well as Minister of Labor and of Ecology it was of Transport-, as for its work during the socialist five-year period of François Hollande (2012-2017).
At that time, she was appointed prefect (government delegate) of the departments of Vienne and Poitou-Charentes. In 2014, she was Chief of Staff to the then Minister of Ecology, the 2007 presidential candidate Ségolène Royal. Macron has named the new tenant of Matignon hoping for an electoral victory for his new coalition “Ensemble” (“Together”) in the mid-June legislative elections. However, the head of the Government depends on the confidence of Parliament so, in the unlikely event that “Ensemble” does not win in June, his position would be at risk.