Cystitis in cats: causes and symptoms

There are many diseases that cats can suffer throughout their lives, such as cystitis. It causes inflammation of the bladder and urethra due to, for example, a urinary stone or crystal.

Urinary tract infection occurs when bacteria from the vagina or penis spread to the bladder, causing inflammation and infection of the bladder. Although it occurs infrequently, bacteria can also spread through the bloodstream to the urinary tract.

As it is a bacterial infection, it is essential to give the cat the appropriate treatment. On the contrary, untreated cystitis can lead to kidney damage. One of the main problems of this disease is that, depending on the size of the urinary stone or crystal, it can obstruct the urethra, partially or totally.

If this happens, the animal cannot expel urine or very littleso you have to take it to the vet urgently.

What are the symptoms?

The bladder is one of the lower urinary tract organs in cats. Infection and inflammation of this area usually give rise to a series of symptoms: pain during urination, presence of blood in the urine, frequent urination, licking of the genitals and urination outside the litter box.

If at any time the cat tries to urinate and cannot, it is very likely that the urethra is completely obstructed. Your health condition can suddenly worsen, to the point of threatening your life. You need to take him to the vet immediately.


Once at the clinic, the veterinarian asks the cat’s owner several questions and proceeds with a examination of the urinary tract using an ultrasound. In order to make a diagnosis, he also performs a blood and urine test.

Once cystitis is confirmed, the treatment consists of two parts. On the one hand, you have to treat the causes of the disease. And, on the other hand, you have to alleviate the symptoms, usually with the administration of analgesics and antispasmodic medications.

Yes there are presence of urinary stones or crystals, the cat also need medications to lower the pH of the urine and a special feeding plan. So that it is well hydrated, it is convenient to give it wet food. If the stones are too large and cannot be dissolved with medication, surgery is necessary.